Quelle: Die ZEIT
Die zweite Maxime der Doktrin, die Nichteinmischung der Vereinigten Staaten in europäische Konflikte, erschien bis vor Kurzem nur noch als historische Reminiszenz. Im 19. Jahrhundert hatten die europäischen Mächte sie gar nicht ernst genommen, im 20. Jahrhundert war ihnen die »Einmischung« der USA im Kampf gegen den Kaiser, Hitlerdeutschland und die sowjetische Bedrohung dann hochwillkommen. Bis heute beruht die Sicherheit Europas auf der Beistandsgarantie Washingtons. Aber mit der Renaissance des »America first«-Isolationismus unter Donald Trump könnte sich dies ändern. »Europa den Europäern!« würde für diese ein böses Erwachen bedeuten. Im Kreml dagegen wäre man gewiss zufrieden.
The Monroe Doctrine was a foreign policy statement made by President James Monroe in 1823. It declared that the United States would not tolerate any European intervention in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere, and that any such intervention would be considered a hostile act against the United States1. The doctrine was intended to protect the newly independent Latin American countries from European colonialism and to establish the United States as the dominant power in the region1.
In recent years, the Monroe Doctrine has been invoked by the Trump administration as a warning to China and Russia2. However, the doctrine has been criticized for being outdated and irrelevant in the modern world1. Critics argue that the doctrine is a relic of the past and that it is no longer applicable to the current geopolitical landscape1. They also argue that the doctrine is a form of American imperialism and that it violates the principles of international law1.
The implications of the Monroe Doctrine on the United States and Europe are complex. The doctrine has been used to justify American intervention in the affairs of Latin American countries, often with disastrous consequences1. The doctrine has also been used to justify American support for authoritarian regimes in the region, which has led to human rights abuses and political instability1. In Europe, the Monroe Doctrine has been viewed with suspicion and has been seen as an attempt by the United States to establish hegemony over the region1. The Trump administration’s invocation of the doctrine has further strained relations between the United States and Europe3.
In conclusion, the Monroe Doctrine is a controversial foreign policy statement that has had far-reaching implications for the United States and Europe. While it was intended to protect the newly independent Latin American countries from European colonialism, it has been criticized for being outdated and irrelevant in the modern world. The doctrine has been used to justify American intervention in the affairs of Latin American countries, often with disastrous consequences, and has been viewed with suspicion in Europe. The Trump administration’s invocation of the doctrine has further strained relations between the United States and Europe.