Example: My assignemt of Friedrich Nietzsche and his Philosophy and the reception today.

In German High Schools Gymnasien (Facharbeit)

1. Introduction
– Brief biography of Nietzsche
– Overview of Nietzsche’s philosophy

2. Nietzsche’s Concept of Will to Power
– Explanation and analysis of the concept
– Its implications for morality and human behavior

3. Nietzsche’s Critique of Morality
– Examination of Nietzsche’s critique of traditional morality
– Discussion on “master morality” and “slave morality”

4. The Übermensch (Superman)
– Explanation of the concept of the Übermensch
– Its role in Nietzsche’s philosophy

5. Nietzsche’s View on Truth and Knowledge
– Nietzsche’s perspectivism
– Critique of the traditional notions of truth and knowledge

6. Nietzsche and the Death of God
– Explanation of the statement “God is dead”
– Its implications for religion and morality

7. Nietzsche’s Influence and Legacy
– Nietzsche’s influence on philosophy, art, and culture
– Criticisms and interpretations of his work

8. Conclusion
– Summary of key points
– Personal reflections on Nietzsche’s philosophy


Draft only and more here soon …

Example German Facharbeit High School YEAR LEVEL 12 before Uni Exam Abitur.

Authorized by P eter H Bloecker, Director of Studies





The concept of the Übermensch is a central part of Friedrich Nietzsche’s philosophy. It’s introduced in his book “Thus Spoke Zarathustra” and represents an ideal for humanity to aspire to. The term translates to “Overman” or “Superman” and signifies a person who has overcome the established values and moralities of the time1.

Nietzsche’s Übermensch is someone who creates their own values and meaning in life, rather than adhering to societal norms or religious doctrines. This figure is not bound by conventional morality but instead lives life with a sense of personal authenticity and self-fulfillment2.

The Übermensch is also associated with Nietzsche’s declaration that “God is dead,” which reflects the idea that traditional religious and moral frameworks are no longer viable in the modern world. With the “death of God,” Nietzsche believed that individuals must take responsibility for creating their own values and purpose2.

In essence, the Übermensch is a visionary figure who embodies the will to power, the drive to transcend the human condition and achieve a higher state of being. This involves affirming life in all its aspects, embracing both its joys and sufferings, and striving to reach one’s fullest potential21.

It’s important to note that the Übermensch is not a call for a superior race or class, but rather a challenge for each individual to become the best version of themselves, free from the constraints of outdated beliefs and moralities2.


Nietzsche’s Übermensch theory and Goethe’s writings share a common theme of self-actualization and the importance of individuality. Goethe’s exhortation to “become who you are” resonates with Nietzsche’s idea of the Übermensch, who is someone that transcends the herd mentality and creates their own values and identity.

Goethe, much like Nietzsche, believed in the potential of the individual to rise above societal norms and expectations. He emphasized the importance of self-discovery and personal development through action and experience rather than passive contemplation1. This aligns with Nietzsche’s view that one must actively shape one’s life and values to become the Übermensch.

Both philosophers advocate for a process of becoming that is dynamic and self-directed. Nietzsche’s Übermensch is not a predefined ideal but a goal that each individual must strive for in their unique way, which echoes Goethe’s idea that we help people become what they are capable of becoming by treating them as if they were what they ought to be2.

In a nutshell: Nietzsche’s Übermensch theory and Goethe’s writings both encourage a journey towards self-creation, where one is not merely content with being who they are but is always in the process of becoming, driven by a will to power and a desire for self-overcoming. This philosophical stance challenges individuals to engage in a lifelong pursuit of growth, excellence, and the creation of one’s own identity and values.

The will to power is not about power over others, but rather about self-empowerment and self-overcoming. It’s the desire to grow, to expand one’s capabilities, and to shape one’s life actively. For the Übermensch, the will to power is the essence of their being, allowing them to transcend mediocrity and carve their own path in the world2.