Cool Spot here near Uki

Camping NSW with Maria Ines

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Mount Warning, known as Wollumbin in the Bundjalung language, is a prominent feature in the Northern Rivers region of New South Wales, Australia. It’s the central remnant of the ancient Tweed Volcano, which was active around 23 million years ago³.

Geological Significance
The area around Mount Warning is geologically significant due to its volcanic history. The mountain itself is a volcanic plug, a hardened lava core that was left after the exterior of the volcano eroded away. This plug marks the center of what was once a massive shield volcano, the Tweed Volcano, which has shaped much of the landscape in this region³.

Ecological Importance
The surrounding area, including Wollumbin National Park, is part of the Scenic Rim and is recognized for its rich biodiversity. It’s home to a variety of plant and animal species, some of which are threatened or endangered. The park is also identified as an Important Bird Area due to its conservation value for several species of threatened birds².

Cultural Heritage
For the Bundjalung people, Wollumbin is a place of cultural and spiritual significance. The mountain contains sacred sites where ceremonies and initiation rites are performed. The summit area of Mount Warning is a declared Aboriginal Place under the National Parks and Wildlife Act³.

Tourism and Recreation
The natural beauty of the volcanic remnants attracts tourists and hikers, offering scenic views and a connection to the ancient geological past of Australia. However, visitors are encouraged to respect the cultural significance of the area, especially the summit, which is a sacred site for the local Aboriginal community².

The volcanic area around Mount Warning is a testament to the dynamic natural history of NSW and serves as a reminder of the deep connection between the land and its traditional custodians..

Source: Conversation with Bing, 10/3/2024
(1) Mount Warning – Wikipedia.
(2) Wollumbin National Park.
(3) .
(4) Wollumbin National Park – Wikipedia.
(5) Geological history | Tweed Regional Museum.
(6) undefined.
(7) Getty Images.


The history of logging and sawmills in Tyalgum, NSW, Australia, and the surrounding Scenic Rim area is deeply intertwined with the region’s natural resources and early settlement patterns.

**Logging in Tyalgum and the Scenic Rim**

The lush forests of Tyalgum and the Scenic Rim, particularly around Mount Warning, were once rich with red cedar and other valuable timber species. Early settlers in the area relied on the natural waterways, such as the Pumpenbil and Tyalgum creeks, to transport these giant logs². The timber industry in Australia began with manual sawing over sawpits using convict labor, evolving into a significant economic activity as technology and transportation methods improved¹.

**Sawmills in the Region**

The first powered sawmills in New South Wales were established in 1838, marking the beginning of a more industrial approach to timber processing¹. In remote areas like Tyalgum, portable sawmills became a common sight by the late 1800s, allowing for the processing of timber resources in situ³. These sawmills were critical in supporting the local economy and the development of infrastructure.

**Mount Warning’s Scenic Rim**

The Scenic Rim around Mount Warning is a remnant of the ancient Tweed Volcano, forming a dramatic backdrop to the region’s logging history. This area, known as the Green Cauldron, is characterized by its volcanic soil, which supports a rich tapestry of flora and fauna, contributing to the area’s biodiversity and scenic beauty⁷.

Source: Conversation with Bing, 10/3/2024

(1) Tyalgum, New South Wales – Wikipedia.

(2) Milling Australia’s forests – Australian & Aotearoa New Zealand ….

(3) The History of Sawmills in Australia – OldTalgai.

(4) Guide to the Scenic Rim | Queensland.

(5) .

(6) Mount Warning.

(7) Best Trails in Wollumbin (Mount Warning) National Park.

(8) Wollumbin-Mount Warning View Circuit – The Rainforest Way.

Updated Sun 10 Mar 2024

Author Peter H Bloecker


More infos about the area